• Electrolyte contains sulfuric acid and can cause severe burns.
-Wear goggles, rubber gloves, and a rubber apron when working with battery electrolyte.
-If electrolyte is spilled on your skin or clothing, flush the area at once with large quantities of water. -If electrolyte gets into your eyes, bathe them with large quantities of clean water for several minutes and call a physician.
• Batteries generate explosive gasses. Keep sparks and open flame away. Do not smoke.
Replace a battery if the case is cracked or leaking. Electrolyte can damage the car. If electrolyte is spilled, clean the area with a solution of baking soda and water.
Low-maintenance batteries have been supplied as original equipment in the cars covered by this manual. These batteries have vented removable filler caps. The battery requires distilled water added periodically to maintain electrolyte level.
The six-cell, 12-volt lead-acid battery capacity is rated by ampere/hours (Ah) and cold cranking amps (CCA). The Ah rating is determined by the average amount of current the battery can deliver over time without dropping below a specified voltage. The CCA is determined by the battery's ability to deliver starting current at 0°F (-18°C).
Temperature affects the efficiency of the battery. The current-producing capacity of a battery at 5°F (-15°C) is only half its capacity at 68°F (20°C), and partly-discharged batteries can freeze due to the higher proportion of water in the electrolyte. A frozen battery produces no current, but can usually be restored when thawed.
For more information on battery maintenance, see 030 Maintenance.
Recommended Battery Type and Rating
• Battery type 12V negative ground
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