Steering system

The steering wheel and column are connected to the steering rack by a short shaft and two universal joints. Turning the steering wheel turns the rack pinion gear which in turn moves the rack and steering linkage.

Wear and excessive play or clearance anywhere in the steering system will cause sloppy, loose steering. On cars with high mileage, tie rod ends are prone to wear.

If the steering requires too much effort or lacks precise feel, the steering mechanism may not be to blame. Worn suspension parts may also cause or contribute to the symptoms. Before checking for any steering problems, check tires, tire inflation pressures front suspension components.

There are no provisions for lubrication of the steering rack or linkage. In general, the steering system is serviced mainly by the replacement of worn parts.

Table a. Steering Specifications

Characteristic

Specification

Frictional moment of steering (measured at flange of steering column flange, tie rods detached)

80-140Ncm (113-198 in.-oz)

Steering ratio

17.78: 1

Steering wheel turns lock-to-lock

Approx. 3

Turning circle diameter

10.95 m (35.93 ft.)

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